Can terpenes get you high?Dana OV
Can terpenes get you high?
As the wide wide world of cannabis continues to grow and expand, so does our knowledge of the various wondrous compounds contained within. By now, you are familiar with cannabinoids like CBD, CBG and CBL and their anecdotal healing potential but have you heard of terpenes? Terpenes are aromatic compounds that create the characteristic scent of many plants, such as in pine, lavender, and of course, cannabis. While the aim here is to answer the question, ‘Can terpenes get you high’, it’s kind of a loaded question with a few elements we should probably unpack first.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes themselves are a combination of hydrogen and carbon atoms that occur naturally in many different plants, they are not exclusive to cannabis. There are more than 50,000 identifiable terpene profiles within the plant world. In cannabis, there are about 140 individual terpenes, each playing a unique function to the effects and fragrance properties of each strain.
Why are they important for plants?
These little aromatic compounds play an essential part in the general survival of plants. They are often responsible for attracting pollinators or in some cases, playing a protective role repelling predators such as insects or foraging animals.
How could they be important for us?
Many terpenes are considered bio-active, which in lay terms means, they have the ability to affect the body. They do this by interacting with our endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids act on this system as well but the difference is in the way the body absorbs and uses the different compounds. This combined effect of cannabinoids and terpenes on the endocannabinoid system is called the Entourage Effect. It implies that cannabinoids and terpenes function better in combination than in isolation. Therefore, it is assumed that terpenes play an inherent function in the overall beneficial functionality of cannabinoids.
Can terpenes get you high?
The truth is, terpenes do not have the intrinsic ability to get you high in the same why that THC does. That being said, they can play a vital role mood elevation. Since terpenes produce aroma, they are the foundation of many essential oils and are often used in alternative treatments such as aromatherapy. While you may not feel stoned per say, inhaling some scents can affect your mood and stress levels. Which is kinda like getting high… on life.
If you’re looking for more from your terpenes than euphoria, check out some of the other cool things some of the more common ones are responsible for.
Limonene– responsible for the citrusy smell of lemons and oranges
Pinene– a prominent terpene in pine needles, basil and rosemary
- fights against some infectious germs when inhaled
Linalool– abundant in lavender, giving the flower its characteristic scent
Myrcene– found in plants such as hops, lemongrass, and thyme
- responsible for the skunky smell
Beta-caryophyllene– found in cloves, black pepper and many other herbs and vegetables
- treatment in long-term chronic pain- no sign of developing a tolerance
Humulene– predominant in hops, sage and ginseng
- reduces allergic inflammation
While terpenes can’t get you high on their own, research continues to insinuate that they play a vital role in the effect of cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Not to mention, they may also have some potential therapeutic uses of their own. The moral of this story is that just because they don’t get you high, doesn’t mean they ain’t worth considering.